Mineral water plants
The mineral water industry is one of the fastest growing small businesses in Pakistan. Mineral water plants should be located in densely populated cities such as Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Peshawar, Hyderabad, Multan, Faisalabad and Quetta. These cities are an opportunity to establish mineral water plants due to their large population, the lack of clean drinking water in many areas and the low awareness of drinking water sanitation. These activities can be implemented in all small towns and in the outskirts of large cities.
Scope of activities
The Mineral Water plant has a very wide reach, not only in big cities but also in small towns and rural areas where tap water is of very poor quality and unfit to drink. A World Health Organization (WHO) study and report on water quality standards in Pakistan shows that groundwater in many cities and areas is contaminated with very high levels of arsenic. In many places, especially in urban areas, groundwater pipes are broken and wastewater is mixed with tap water. Clean bottled drinking water is therefore a necessity for everyone, whether upper middle class or lower middle class.
The target markets for mineral water are homes, hotels, hospitals, offices, families, educational institutions, commercial markets and hygiene-conscious individuals. In addition, the upper, middle and lower classes prefer to drink bottled mineral water on a daily basis due to the lack of access to clean/safe drinking water.
Components of a mineral water plant
Water logic can provide you with a first-class mineral water plant to start your mineral water business. In addition to supplying, installing and commissioning equipment, we can advise on the feasibility of joint projects, trademark registration and certification by food authorities to ensure a smooth operation. Below is a detailed description of the mineral water plant components and their functions.
The mineral water plant is a rack-mounted system consisting of the following components
1 – Pump for mineral water supply.
This is an imported stainless steel feed pump that draws water from the raw water tank and transports it to the mineral water plant.
2 – Sand filter.
It consists of a GRP tank with layers of gravel, quartz and silica sand that removes physical particles with a particle size of less than 20 microns, such as dust, rust, silt, sludge and suspended solids.
3 – Activated carbon filter.
It consists of a GRP tank and activated carbon particles that can remove organic water pollutants such as chlorine, chlorides, pesticides, visible odors and paints.
4 – Cartridge unit.
The cartridge unit contains 5 micron and 1-micron filters that remove other particles down to 5 microns and 1 micron for further treatment. Polypropylene fibre (PPF) and polypropylene yarn (PPY) cartridges are available to stop sediment in the water.
5 – Dosing pump for bactericidal agents.
An in-line dosing pump provides a constant dose of antimicrobial agent to remove microbial contaminants such as viruses, pseudomonas, influenza, E. coli and coliform bacteria from the water.
6 – Dosing pump for antifouling agents.
The dosing pump used sprays a variety of antifouling chemicals to protect the RO membrane from deposits. This extends the life of the reverse osmosis membrane and reduces maintenance costs.
7 – High pressure pumps for mineral water plants.
The purpose of a stainless-steel high-pressure pump (inlet) for a mineral water plant is to pressurize and inject pre-treated water into the reverse osmosis membrane as it is a pressure-controlled process. The high-pressure pump pressurizes the water to 150-200 psi to penetrate the reverse osmosis membrane.
8 – Membranes for mineral water plants.
Reverse osmosis (RO) is a water treatment technology that has been in use for decades. It offers many possibilities, especially in the removal of salts, ionic compounds and dissolved solids from water.
RO membranes can remove dissolved salts, lead, mercury, calcium, iron, asbestos, cysts, heavy metals, etc., and reduce the TDS value of water to below
9 – Membrane housing for mineral water plants.
Mineral water plant membranes are housed in ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) approved housings with two connections, one inlet and two outlets, one inlet for raw water entering the membrane and two other outlets for permeate (treated water) and one for wastewater. The membrane housings are specifically designed to withstand high pressures from 150 psi to 1000 psi.
10 – Pressure relief valves for mineral water plants.
They provide precise flow control through a removable disc valve that gradually opens or closes the water flow. They are made of food grade stainless steel and are used to regulate and balance the flow of permeate (treated water) and effluent (wastewater).
11 – Mineral metering system.
The reverse osmosis membrane removes all salts and minerals from the water and then adds these minerals to the water through a mineral dosing system. This is done with dosing pumps made in Italy; these are special pumps that add a certain amount of minerals to the treated water in order to enrich it with the desired minerals.
12 – TDS meter online.
Before we can understand TDS in a mineral water plant, we need to know what TDS is. total dissolved solids (TDS) are the sum of all charged ions in water, including salts, minerals and metals. tds is measured in milligrams per liter (mg/l) or parts per million (ppm). a TDS meter is a digital device that measures the amount of TDS in a mineral water plant. a TDS meter is installed in the mineral water The TDS meter is installed on the control panel of the treatment plant and measures the TDS content of the water flowing through the pipes, hence the name “in-line TDS meter”. the TDS meter can measure TDS values from 0 to 10 000 ppm.
13 – In-line flow meter.
One is used to measure the permeate flow from the mineral water treatment plant, where the permeate is the treated water at the outlet of the plant, and the other to measure the effluent, i.e., the water coming out of the membrane. This meter measures in GPM (gallons per minute) and/or LPH (liters per hour).
14 – Electrical Control Panel.
The control panel controls the operation of the entire system. The mineral water plant contains electrical components such as: magnetic contacts, overload switches, electrical relays, timers, LEDs, digital meters, circuit breakers, etc.
15 – Control Panel.
The control panel of the mineral water treatment plant monitors the operating parameters of the mineral water treatment plant, such as flow rate, TDS value of permeate, feed water pressure and hot water pressure. The control panel displays the performance of the mineral water treatment plant in real time.
16 – Tank.
The final discharge of mineral water is stored in mineral water tanks.
17 – Ozone generator.
The ozone generator is a device that generates gaseous ozone and injects it into the treated water in the tank. The advantage of ozonation is that it extends the shelf life of the water by one year.
18 – Bottle washing and filling station.
The final step of the system is the bottling of mineral water, which is done by a stainless-steel washing and filling station that can wash and fill bottles of 500 ml, 1500 ml, 6 liters and 19 liters.